Your doctor

Before undergoing your total knee replacement, your doctor will prescribe a complete physical examination to assess your condition and to ensure that there are no factors that could interfere with your surgery.

Your doctor may ask you for blood and urine tests and possibly a cardiogram, prior to your surgery.

Check yourself

If your knee and leg have any skin infections or irritation, contact your orthopedic surgeon prior to surgery: he or she will tell you how best to prepare your skin for surgery.

The incidence of infection after knee replacement is very low, however infection can occur if bacteria enter your bloodstream. Therefore, you should contact your dentist to have your teeth checked before your surgery.


Prior to surgery, provide your surgeon with a complete list of the medications you are taking including doses and times. He or she will inform you if you need to stop or change any medication.

Special equipment

After the intervention special equipment, such as support stockings and crutches, maybe needed: you can rent or buy them from specialized shops.
Check with your physiotherapist.  

Arrange for help

  • Make arrangements to have someone stay with you, if needed, for the first 24 hours.
  • Have family or friends available to assist you once you’re home.


Reduce your risk of a fall

  • Remove any throw rugs.
  • Tack down any loose carpeting so walking will be safer.
  • Look around the room for other hazards and remove them.
  • Wear shoes with non-slip soles (not house slippers).
  • Make sure you have a supportive, comfortable chair.